教學素材 | 新型冠狀病毒疫情英文詞匯表達(2)

新型冠狀病毒疫情英文詞匯表達(2)lprecaution:預防措施lwear masks outdoors:出門戴口罩lpersonal Protective Equipment:個人防護設備lmedical supplies:醫療物資lface-mask:口罩 lN95 face-mask:N95型口罩lsurgical mask:醫用外科口罩ldisposable gloves:一次性手套ldisinfectant:消毒劑ldisinfector:消毒劑l75% ethyl alcohol:75%酒精lalcohol-based hand rub / sanitizer:含有酒精的洗手液lprotective screen:面罩lprotective suit:防護服lgoggles:護目鏡lrespirator:口罩,醫用口罩,呼吸機lwash hands frequently and properly:勤洗手和正確洗手lthoroughly cooked:徹底煮熟lsterilize:消毒,殺菌lcover coughs and sneezes with tissue:咳嗽和打噴嚏時用紙巾遮住口鼻lcover mouth and nose with tissue or flexed elbow:用紙巾或屈肘遮住口鼻lstrengthen your immune system:增強免疫系統lensure good room ventilation:保證室內通風lensure good room ventilation:保證室內通風lprevention and control:防控lvaccine:疫苗lcounter-virus:抗病毒的lpotency:效能,力量,潛力lvirus mutation:病毒變異lvirus strain:病毒株lgenetic sequence:基因序列lpathogen:病原體lpathogen genomic sequencing:病原體的基因組測序ldevelop antibodies and vaccines:抗體和疫苗研發lclinical trial:臨床試驗lfever clinic:發熱門診lnucleic acid testing(NAT):核酸檢測lfalse positive:假陽性lhospitalize:住院lbe placed under medical observation:進行醫學觀察lreceive treatment in isolation:隔離治療lself-quarantine at home:居家自我隔離lcentralized quarantine:集中隔離lepidemiological investigation:流行病學調查lscreening:篩查lhealth declaration form:健康狀況信息登記表lphysician guidance:醫囑lbe discharged from medical observation:結束醫學觀察ldesignated hospitals:定點醫院lcombat the pneumonia outbreak:抗擊肺炎疫情linternal nonproliferation and external nonproliferation:內防擴散、外防輸出lvirus monitoring and quarantine measures:病毒監控和隔離措施lreverse the tread of and increasing number of cases:扭轉病例增加的趨勢lhead of a high-level expert team:高級別專家組組長la prominent expert in respiratory diseases:呼吸系統疾病杰出專家lchief epidemiologist:流行病學首席科學leliminate social panic:消除社會恐慌lease the shortage of beds:緩解床位短缺lfeverish patients:發熱病人lhealth workforce / medical staff:醫務人員lmakeshift hospital / emergency hospital:應急醫院lthe resilience of the health system:衛生系統抵御能力loptimize a treatment plan for critically ill patients:重癥病人優化治療方案lprove the infectiousness of the virus:證實病毒的傳染性llevel 1 public health emergency response:重大突發公共衛生事件一級響應機制lscale up the level-1 response to major public health emergencies:啟動重大突發公共衛生1級響應lreimbursement policy:報銷政策lsuspend inter-province coach service:停運省際客運lsuspend all inter-province road passenger transport:暫停全部省際道路客運lfull refund without surcharges:免費退票lextension of holiday:延長假期lprolong winter break / delay spring semester:延遲開學ltravel warning:旅行警告lchartered evacuation flight:包機撤僑lrumormongering:造謠ldisinformation:虛假信息lcirculate:流傳lsolidarity:團結,團結一致lmorale:士氣,斗志lRed Cross Society of China:中國紅十字會lthe National Health Commission:衛健委lthe U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:美國疾病控制與預防中心lthe Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity:彼得·多爾蒂感染和免疫研究所lShanghai Institute of Materia Medica under Chinese Academy of Sciences:中國科學院上海藥物研究所lWuhan Institute of Virology:武漢病毒研究所virology:病毒學lInternational Health Regulation (IHR):國際衛生條例

Education Tips: What is Good Digital Citizenship?

Some adults and teachers may think young people want to spend all of their time using social media. But a recent survey shows that may not be true. It found that students sometimes want to turn off their electronic devices to get away from the pressure to take part in social media.For the study, researchers led a series of discussions at classes in the United States. They asked young people what they thought about social media.The survey was a project of Common Sense Media, a non-profit group based in California, and a learning games platform called Kahoot!.Eight out of ten students said that "some people think too much about their social media posts and are always trying to be perfect." About a third said it was acceptable "to post a version of yourself on social media that's not 100 percent real."The students also talked about the issue of publishing unkind or hateful comments online. More than half of those questioned said that social media are "tearing us apart more than they are bringing people together."Learning about digital citizenshipWith this in mind, how can teachers help?Today, we will look at how teachers can support good digital citizenship through safe, kind and healthy use of social media. Common Sense Media defines digital citizenship as "thinking critically, behaving safely, and participating responsibly in the digital world."For more about this subject, see the VOA Learning English series on News Literacy.Find out what your students feelTeachers can begin by talking with students about how they use social media. How does it make them feel? Do the young people want to change anything about the way they interact with others online?Teachers should learn what computer application programs their students use most often. Teachers should then use this information to keep in contact with students and share homework assignments.Teach how to talk about social media problemsNext, define the words cyberbullying, digital drama and hate speech. Young people need to recognize the differences among these issues and know how to deal with them.Common Sense Media has free lesson plans for all grade levels on digital citizenship. They include videos and other images to explain the ideas at the student's level."Digital drama" is the everyday arguments and small problems that come up between friends or with other people you know online or via text message."Hate speech" means expressing hatred of a particular group of people. For younger students, this is called ‘being mean.' Teachers should let students know they are available to help when students face online problems.Use social media to stay in touchExperts say teachers should choose a social media app their students often use. Limit posts or messages to once per class period or to what is necessary to provide information to students.Bayly DiPilato is an English teacher and lives in New Jersey. She told National Public Radio that she did not want to use Facebook to communicate with students because it is too personal. Although her students have email, she found they do not often look at it.DiPilato instead chose the social networking service Twitter to give out homework and reading materials. She says Twitter lets her share information quickly and show how to use social media in a professional, healthy way.Make sure to set limitsAnother idea is to get students to ask questions on the shared app, as one person's question is probably shared by others. Teachers have to make sure they do not help one individual without giving the same information to all students.Experts also say teachers need to set time limits for using social media with students. Teachers could say they will only answer questions until nine at night on school nights, for example. They need to explain that adults, too, need to ‘unplug' sometimes and get away from their phones and computers.Protect your students' privacyPart of digital citizenship is related to privacy. When sharing something done in class, teachers must remember to post pictures of students' work but not of the students themselves. This is done to protect the online privacy of students.Social media, electronics and digital resources are an increasingly large part of students' lives. Experts say that with the guidance of teachers and other adults, young people can learn to become good digital citizens.I'm Jill Robbins.Notes:post v./ n. (發)帖子cyberbullying v.在網絡上威脅傷害或激怒他人unplug v. 去掉......的障礙物;暫時克制自己不用電子設備

New Coronavirus Cases Appear Outside of China

New Coronavirus Cases Appear Outside of ChinaTRANSCRIPTA World Health Organization (WHO) official is crediting China with controlling the new coronavirus in Wuhan, the city where the virus was first identified.The head of a WHO team in China, Bruce Aylward, said Monday that Chinese actions had probably prevented hundreds of thousands of coronavirus cases.He spoke as Italy, South Korea and Iran each reported sharp increases in cases.Italy's government reported Monday that a seventh person infected with the virus died in the country. Italy has Europe's largest number of reported infections. More than 220 cases have been reported nationwide.To guard against the disease, Italian officials have set up roadblocks, cancelled football games and closed theaters, including the famous La Scala opera house. In northern Italy, officials closed schools, universities and museumsfor at least one week. In addition, 10 towns in the Lombardy area, near the city of Milan, have been placed under what the Reuters news agency calls an "effective quarantine."The total number of cases worldwide is thought to be greater than 79,000. Groups of infected people have emergedin a number of places that had not reported cases earlier.WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said that, "The past few weeks (have)demonstrated just how quickly a new virus can spread around the world and cause widespread fear and disruption."Iran's semi-officialnews agency ILNA news reported that 50 people had died from COVID-19. That is the name for the disease that results from the coronavirus. However, Iran's Health Ministry disputes the report, saying the number of people who have died from the disease remains at 12.In South Korea, the government said it has taken "powerful steps" to limit the crisis. President Moon Jae-in has placed the country under its highest warning level.Health officials are concerned about people in the city of Daegu, where police searched for members of a religious group. More than half of the country's coronavirus cases have been linked to the group.Health workers said they planned to test everyone in Daegu who showed signs of a cold.South Korea's vice health minister Kim Gang-lip said, "If we fail to effectively prevent the spread of the virus into the local communities, there would be a large possibility (that the cases) spread nationwide."On Monday, the National Assembly in Seoul was temporarily closed so workers could disinfectthe building.In Japan, health officials have reported more than 800 coronavirus cases. Many of them involved passengers on the quarantined cruiseship Diamond Princess.China, where the virus started, continues to report hundreds of new cases, yet the numbers are smaller than earlier in the month.The disease has infected not only civilians but also health workers. Most of those cases are in the city of Wuhan. China largely banned travel into and out of Wuhan and several other cities in Hubei Province in an effort to slow the disease.WHO official credits China's actionsThe head of the WHO delegation to China, Bruce Aylward, credited Chinese actions for controlling the spread of the virus. He urged other nations to learn the lesson of acting quickly."The world is in your debt," Aylward said of the people in Wuhan.In addition, China said it plans to postpone the meetings of the National People's Congress in an effort to avoid spreading the disease.The news about coronavirus infections was blamed for sharp drops in the value of stock shares on financial markets in Europe and the United States. Leading measures of European stock prices dropped by three percent or more by the close of business on Monday. I'm Anne Ball.Mario Ritter Jr. adapted the story from Reports by the Associated Press and Reuters news agency for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor._________________________________________________________Words in This Storymuseum n.a center or organization set up for the care and study of objects of lasting interest or valuequarantined adj. being kept apart from others in order to prevent a disease from spreadingemerge v. to become known or apparentdisruption n. to cause something to be unable to continue in a normal waysemi-official adj.have some or limited official standingdisinfect n. to clean in an effort to remove harmful germs such as viruses and bacteriacruise adj.of or related to sailing to a series of ports

練習 | VOA慢速:WHO談中國出現的新疫情

VOA慢速:WHO談中國出現的新疫情燕山大學 劉立軍 編寫TRANSCRIPTChinese officials and the World Health Organization (WHO) are trying tocontainanoutbreakofpneumoniain the central Chinese city of Wuhan.Health experts suspect that the pneumonia cases could be linked to a new form ofcoronavirus. The virus is blamed for at least one death.The WHO has said there may have been limited human-to-human transmission of the virus within families.Chinese officials say a seafood market in Wuhan is thought to be at the center of the outbreak. Officials said one woman may have gotten the virus from her husband, who worked at the market. The two are among 41 people shown to have pneumonia thought to be caused by the virus.Officials said some of the sick have denied visiting the market.The outbreak comes two weeks before the start of the Lunar New Year holiday, when many of China's 1.4 billion people will be traveling to their hometowns or overseas.WHO and Chinese officials are taking steps to ensure the disease does not spread.The officials in Wuhan confirmed that Thailand hasquarantineda Chinese woman. It is the first case of the mystery strain of coronavirus to be found outside of China. The woman is said to have come from Wuhan.The coronavirus is from a family of viruses that can cause both the common cold and more serious diseases.On Wednesday, a Hong Kong health official told reporters that the threat of human-to-human transmission remains low. Chuang Shuk-kwan said that doctors and hundreds of other people have been in close contact with infected individuals and have not been infected themselves. She spoke to reporters after returning from a visit to Wuhan.With the Lunar New Year set to begin on January 25, the WHO called on Thai officials and the public to be on guard against the virus. Thai health officials announced Wednesday they were increasing security at airports.The United States released a warning about the latest outbreak for American citizens in China.I'm Susan Shand.VOCABULARY1.containv. to prevent sth harmful from spreading or getting worse防止…...蔓延(或惡化)。例如:to contain an epidemic 防止流行病的蔓延Government forces have failed to contain the rebellion.政府軍未能遏止叛亂。2.outbreakn. the sudden start of sth unpleasant, especially violence or a disease(暴力、疾病等壞事的)爆發,突然發生。例如:the outbreak of war 戰爭的爆發an outbreak of typhoid 傷寒的爆發Outbreaks of rain are expected in the afternoon.下午將有暴雨。3.pneumonian.(不可數名詞) a serious illness affecting one or both lungs that makes breathing difficult肺炎4.coronavirusn.冠狀病毒;冠形病毒5.quarantinev.(動詞+名詞短語) to put an animal or a person into quarantine(對動物或人)進行檢疫,隔離QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. Chinese officials say the World Health Organization (WHO) are trying to contain an outbreak of pneumonia in the central Chinese city of Wuhan.2. Health experts suspect that the pneumonia cases could be linked to a new form of coronavirus.3. The WHO has said there must have been limited human-to-human transmission of the virus within families.4. Chinese officials say a seafood market in Wuhan is thought to be at the center of the outbreak.5. Chinese officials said all the sick have denied visiting the market.6. The outbreak comes one week before the start of the Lunar New Year holiday, when many of China's 1.4 billion people will be traveling to their hometowns or overseas.7. WHO and Chinese officials are taking steps to ensure the disease does not spread.8. The officials in Wuhan confirmed that Thailand has quarantined a Chinese man. It is the first case of the mystery strain of coronavirus to be found outside of China.9. The coronavirus is from a family of viruses that can cause both the common cold and more serious diseases.10. Thai health officials announced Wednesday they were increasing security at all public places.11. The United States released a warning about the latest outbreak for American citizens in Wuhan.KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(F)1. Chinese officialssaythe World Health Organization (WHO) are trying to contain an outbreak of pneumonia in the central Chinese city of Wuhan. (正確表達)Chinese officialsandthe World Health Organization (WHO) are trying to contain an outbreak of pneumonia in the central Chinese city of Wuhan.(T)2. Health experts suspect that the pneumonia cases could be linked to a new form of coronavirus.(F)3. The WHO has said theremusthave been limited human-to-human transmission of the virus within families. (正確表達)The WHO has said theremayhave been limited human-to-human transmission of the virus within families.(T)4. Chinese officials say a seafood market in Wuhan is thought to be at the center of the outbreak.(F)5. Chinese officials said all the sick have denied visiting the market. (正確表達)Chinese officials saidsome ofthe sick have denied visiting the market.(F)6. The outbreak comesone weekbefore the start of the Lunar New Year holiday, when many of China's 1.4 billion people will be traveling to their hometowns or overseas. (正確表達)The outbreak comestwo weeksbefore the start of the Lunar New Year holiday, when many of China's 1.4 billion people will be traveling to their hometowns or overseas.(T)7. WHO and Chinese officials are taking steps to ensure the disease does not spread.(F)8. The officials in Wuhan confirmed that Thailand has quarantined a Chineseman. It is the first case of the mystery strain of coronavirus to be found outside of China. (正確表達)The officials in Wuhan confirmed that Thailand has quarantined a Chinesewoman. It is the first case of the mystery strain of coronavirus to be found outside of China.(T)9. The coronavirus is from a family of viruses that can cause both the common cold and more serious diseases.(F)10. Thai health officials announced Wednesday they were increasing security atall public places. (正確表達)Thai health officials announced Wednesday they were increasing security atairports.(F)11. The United States released a warning about the latest outbreak for American citizens inWuhan. (正確表達)The United States released a warning about the latest outbreak for American citizens inChina.

練習 | VOA常速:孩子們學習編程并編寫小游戲

VOA常速:孩子們學習編程并編寫小游戲燕山大學 劉立軍編寫TRANSCRIPTMy name is Ethan. I’m 10 years old. I worked on some robots and a game. It’s kind of difficult. I hope I can make five or seven games by the end of this week.Code Ninjas is a center where children, ages 7 through 14, learn how to code. We want to leverage screen time and make it productive. Kids love video games. That’s why we have built our curriculum around learning how to code. By building video games, the kids are engaged. When they’re engaged and having fun, they’re going to learn. We also had a drone station where the drones were being coded, so that they would code the flight path, test it out through the hoops and then adjust as necessary. Our Code Sensei’s have a variety of background. The first thing that we look for is that they’re good with children.It looks awesome. My name is Andrea Hatcher. I am a Code Sensei here. It’s a real traffic light. I am a junior at Penn State, studying cybersecurity.There you go.Girls are something in STEM that I’m very, very passionate about, always have been, very passionate about, always have been. And the girls, you know, they stay with the boys. They love it.The cyber and technology field is the fastest growing industry in the world. The United States is far behind it. The earlier you learn, the more time you have to develop and hone in those skills.And that this age is when they’re really soaking up information like a sponge.Parents are happy because the kids are happy and at the end, they’re able to show Mom and Dad what they built.I have an eight-year-old daughter, Marion, who has been coming to Code Ninjas for a bit now.Last week, she created a video game where her creative dinosaur would follow the mouse around and catch the mouse. So each week she is creating video games on a very small scale that will eventually build to more advanced.Coding would be a very useful skill for her to see the back end of the video games that she loves playing, and help her kind of formulate the necessary skill set to see if that is something that she wants to do. She’s only eight. So, it’s really fun right now.VOCABULARY1. leverage v. 利用2.drone n. an aircraft without a pilot, controlled from the ground 無人駕駛飛機3. cybersecurity n. 網絡安全4. hone v. to develop and improve sth., especially a skill, over a period of time 磨練,訓練(尤指技藝)。例如: His body was honed to perfection. 他的身體鍛煉得十全十美。 She honed her debating skills at college. 她在大學時便練就了辯論技巧。 It was a finely honed piece of writing. 那是一篇經過仔細推敲寫成的文章。5. soak up: to take in or absorb liquid 吸收,吸掉(液體)。例如:Use a cloth to soak up some of the excess water. 用布把多余的水吸去。QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.My name is Ethan. I’m 10 years old. I worked on some (Q1) ____________ and a game. It’s kind of difficult. I hope I can make five or seven games by the end of this week.Code Ninjas is a center where children, ages 7 through 14, learn (Q2) ____________________. We want to leverage screen time and make it productive. Kids love (Q3) _______________________. That’s why we have built our curriculum around learning how to code. By building video games, the kids are engaged. When they’re engaged and having fun, they’re going to learn. We also had a (Q4) _________________________ where the drones were being coded, so that they would code the flight path, test it out through the hoops and then adjust as necessary. Our Code Senseis have a variety of background. The first thing that we look for is that they’re (Q5) ____________ with children.It looks awesome. My name is Andrea Hatcher. I am a Code Sensei here. It’s a real traffic light. I am a (Q6) ________________ at Penn State, studying cybersecurity.There you go.Girls are something in STEM that I’m very, very (Q7) _________________ about, always have been, very passionate about, always have been. And the girls, you know, they stay with the boys. They love it.The (Q8) ________________________ field is the fastest growing industry in the world. The United States is (Q9) ___________________ it. The earlier you learn, the more time you have to develop and hone in those skills. And that this age is when they’re really soaking up information like a (Q10) ___________________.Parents are happy because the kids are happy and at the end, they’re able to show Mom and Dad what they built.I have an eight-year-old (Q11) ___________________, Marion, who has been coming to Code Ninjas for a bit now. Last week, she created a video game where her creative (Q12) ____________ would follow the mouse around and catch the mouse. So each week she is creating video games on a very small scale that will eventually build to more (Q13) ____________________.Coding would be a very useful skill for her to see the back end of the video games that she loves playing, and help her kind of (Q14) ____________________ the necessary skill set to see if that is something that she wants to do. She’s only eight. So, it’s really (Q15) ________________ right now.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.My name is Ethan. I’m 10 years old. I worked on some (Q1) robots and a game. It’s kind of difficult. I hope I can make five or seven games by the end of this week.Code Ninjas is a center where children, ages 7 through 14, learn (Q2) how to code. We want to leverage screen time and make it productive. Kids love (Q3) video games. That’s why we have built our curriculum around learning how to code. By building video games, the kids are engaged. When they’re engaged and having fun, they’re going to learn. We also had a (Q4) drone station where the drones were being coded, so that they would code the flight path, test it out through the hoops and then adjust as necessary. Our Code Senseis have a variety of background. The first thing that we look for is that they’re (Q5) good with children.It looks awesome. My name is Andrea Hatcher. I am a Code Sensei here. It’s a real traffic light. I am a (Q6) junior at Penn State, studying cybersecurity.There you go.Girls are something in STEM that I’m very, very (Q7) passionate about, always have been, very passionate about, always have been. And the girls, you know, they stay with the boys. They love it.The (Q8) cyber and technology field is the fastest growing industry in the world. The United States is (Q9) far behind it. The earlier you learn, the more time you have to develop and hone in those skills.And that this age is when they’re really soaking up information like a (Q10) sponge.Parents are happy because the kids are happy and at the end, they’re able to show Mom and Dad what they built.I have an eight-year-old (Q11) daughter, Marion, who has been coming to Code Ninjas for a bit now.Last week, she created a video game where her creative (Q12) dinosaur would follow the mouse around and catch the mouse. So each week she is creating video games on a very small scale that will eventually build to more (Q13) advanced.Coding would be a very useful skill for her to see the back end of the video games that she loves playing, and help her kind of (Q14) formulate the necessary skill set to see if that is something that she wants to do. She’s only eight. So, it’s really (Q15) fun right now.

練習 | 科學美國人60秒:背景音樂可能會扼殺創造力

科學美國人60秒:背景音樂可能會扼殺創造力燕山大學 劉立軍 編寫uTRANSCRIPTThis is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.Let's play a word game. What word can be put in front of the words stick, maker, and pointto make three new compound words? Again...that's stick, maker, and point.(five-second silence)Ready for the answer? "Match. So that would then combine to make the words matchstick, matchmaker, and matchpoint." Emma Threadgold, a cognitive psychologist at the University of Central Lancashire in England. And the point of tasks like these, she says, is to measure creativity. (And if you didn't get it right away, don't worry, neither did I.)Maybe you had music playing as you thought about the words. And, of course, many people do listen to music while they work. So Threadgold and her colleagues recently used such word puzzles to investigate whether listening to music affects creativity.They asked volunteers to solve 19 puzzles, while listening to either a foreign-language tune (Spanish version of "King of Wishful Thinking," by Go West); an instrumental version of the same song (instrumental of "King of Wishful Thinking"); a familiar English-language song (Pharrell's "Happy"); or silence.The results? In every case, volunteers listening to music solved fewer puzzles than their counterparts in total quiet. Suggesting that background music does not really aid this kind of creative task. Maybe because these puzzles require some sort of mental speech rehearsal - like trying out different word combosusing your inner voice."And therefore they're more susceptibleto changing state sounds such as music, in comparison to steady state sounds such as library noise."And in fact, the researchers tested library noise too, (library noise) like the sounds of typing and rustling papers. And none of those noises impaired volunteers' performance at all, compared to the silent control group. The results are in the journal Applied Cognitive Psychology.Still, if you do insist on listening to music while working, you might try something a little more low-key than Lady Gaga, says Threadgold's colleague John Marsh:"So if you have a sound with a lot of changing state information in it, changes in pitch or in timbre, that's more disruptive than a sound with fewer of those changes. So if you compared a modern pop song with some classical music you would expect less disruption from that classical music."Even better, though, would be the sound of silence. (Simon and Garfunkel's "Sound of Silence" clip briefly then stops) As in, actual silence.Thanks for listening for Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.uVOCABULARY1. combosn. (informal, especially North American English) a number of different things combined together, especially different types of food 混合物;(尤指食物的)雜燴,組合餐。例如:I'll have the steak and chicken combo platter. 我要牛排和雞組合餐。2. susceptibleadj.(名詞前不常用)susceptible (to sb. / sth.) very likely to be influenced, harmed or affected by sb./ sth. 易受影響(或傷害等);敏感;過敏。例如:lHe's highly susceptible to flattery. 他愛聽恭維話。lSome of these plants are more susceptible to frost damage than others. 這些植物中有一些較其他的易受霜凍危害。lSalt intake may lead to raised blood pressure in susceptible adults. 鹽的攝入可能導致易病的成年人血壓升高。3.timbren. 音色;音質uQUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.Q1.What's the point of playing the word game?(A)To measure creativity. (B)To measure vocabulary. (C)To measure grammar. (D)To measure intelligence.Q2.Why did Threadgold and her colleagues use such word puzzles?(A)To investigate whether listening to music affects efficiency.(B)To investigate whether listening to music affects creativity.(C)To investigate how many people listening to music while working.(D)To investigate how many people listening to music while sleeping.Q3.What do thereseachersfindabout the word puzzle tests?(A)Volunteers listening to music solved more puzzles than their counterparts in total quiet.(B)Volunteers listening to a foreign-language tune solved fewer puzzles than those listening to an instrumental version of the same song.(C)Background music does not really aid this kind of creative task.(D)Background music does aid this kind of creative task.Q4.What does the passage suggest if you prefer listening to music while working? (A)Try some folk music.(B)Try some rock music.(C)Try a modern pop song.(D)Try some classical music.uKEYQ1.A。細節題。命題出處:And the point of tasks like these, she says, is to measure creativity.Q2.B。細節題。命題出處:So Threadgold and her colleagues recently used such word puzzles to investigate whether listening to music affects creativity.Q3.C。細節題。命題出處:The results? In every case, volunteers listening to music solved fewer puzzles than their counterparts in total quiet. Suggesting that background music does not really aid this kind of creative task.Q4.D。推斷題。命題出處:So if you compared a modern pop song with some classical music you'd expect less disruption from that classical music.

第九屆教學大賽翻譯專業組二等獎王妍說課

說課點評:目的比較明確,具有一定的可操作性。她的這堂說課是為翻譯專業一二年級的學生學習口譯知識、實踐口譯技藝而設計,因此比較注意細節,也在情理之中。我對她說課內容中的三個要點印象深刻,覺得是找準了做好口譯特別是做好時政口譯的三個關鍵因素:一是譯員要有較強的速記技能,這就要求教師在課堂教學時為學生打下一個良好的基礎;二是要引導好學生在領會理解說話人意圖與言辭時,及時捕捉住一批關鍵字或詞,因為它們是口譯記憶的鑰匙,借此說話人的主旨內容可以復原;三是特別強調學生平時要關注國內外的熱點問題,甚至追蹤,做到對相關情況或背景了然于胸,這樣臨場做口譯方可胸有成竹。當然這三點如果王妍老師能在課堂總結時再重復強調一下,可能說課效果會更佳。另外,在如何做好速記這個問題上,王妍老師顯然準備從技術角度作較詳細解說,這當然也有必要,但我認為,做口譯時如何做好筆記或速記是一個相當個性化的事,即便老師介紹的方式很理想,落實到每個譯員總會有變異,換言之,口譯場合怎么做筆記,都是因人而異的。這一點應當讓學生明白。最后,還是要提醒王妍老師,有些英文單詞的發音不準,要改正,如ignore,group。點評專家:何剛強教授

第九屆教學大賽翻譯專業組一等獎曹敏授課

授課點評:曹敏老師對教學材料理解到位,材料運用方式靈活;課堂設計較完整,授課時間安排合理,各部分之間銜接自然。曹老師在授課過程中教態自然大方,師生互動良好,授課過程中有幾處亮點,練習形式靈活多樣哪些棋牌游戏斗地主赚的快,尤其是利用微信群給學生安排每天的學習打卡活動,是一項與時俱進的具有創新性的教學手段。曹老師的授課過程表現出來在教學方面積累了相當多的成熟經驗。總之,以上均體現出曹敏老師作為一名翻譯專業教師的良好綜合素養。授課具體表現亮點如下:亮點1(40’-1’55 ):teaching procedures表述清晰到位,重點突出;亮點2(2’07-3’03):daily exercises in wechat groups 學練結合,形式創新,與時俱進;亮點3(9’10-13’08 ):設計練習形式靈活,難度循序漸進;亮點4(14’48- 18’08): structure of interpreting notes 將自己的筆記分享出來,通過實例解析示范做筆記的正確方法。建議:首先,曹敏老師在授課過程中沒有使用板書,是一個比較明顯的硬傷;在講課環節的收束也稍顯倉促哪些棋牌游戏斗地主赚的快,未能將重點環節自己做筆記的過程充分解析,如果適當運用板書現場與學生同時做筆記哪些棋牌游戏斗地主赚的快,將會更直觀,達到更好的授課效果。其次,曹老師的授課環節存在教學目標設置不夠明確、重點不夠突出的問題。最后,希望曹老師與學生增加互動,進一步活躍課堂氣氛。點評專家:司顯柱教授

教育培訓更多

大英綜合課教學設計工作坊2.0

本工作坊采取培訓專家、教學大賽獲獎選手和參訓教師組成學習共同體的研修模式。主講人在進行理論講解、模式闡釋和展示示范時,將以教學指 南為準則,結合中國英語能力等級量表,詳解指定教材單元設計中的目標 設定、流程安排、項目設計和多層評測。參訓教師通過分組合作學習和集體備課的形式,在專家指導下分模塊操練單元設計的重要步驟和極富挑戰 的教學整合設計任務。本工作坊旨在幫助參訓教師將理論轉化為實踐,最 終產出和分享課程設計方案*,并將成果帶回到一線課堂教學實踐中去。 課程具體實施步驟設計如下:1.參訓教師在培訓前事先完成教學設計和二語習得新文獻的閱讀。2.在研修現場,培訓專家將首先從當前大學英語綜合課教學存在的主要問題入手,結合“金課”的核心內涵和要求,解析大學英語綜合課程的教學理念,介紹以項目為中心的整合式教學設計模式。然后,基于《全新版大學 進階英語綜合教程1》的一個單元,剖析還原單元教學生成過程,展示該模式在具體教學案例中的應用。3.本研修班新增教學點評環節,擬邀請第10屆“外教社杯”全國高校外語教學大賽高名次獲獎選手回顧參賽心路歷程,分享賽后反思。培訓專家將帶 領參訓教師觀摩選手錄像,并從大賽評委、教學設計者、教學課堂觀察者 等多維角度進行教學點評和解析。參訓教師亦可參與評課,并與獲獎選手直接互動交流。4.在最后的實操階段,參訓教師將按5-6人分組,在培訓專家指導下以集 體備課形式對指定教材的其他單元進行分步驟、整體設計和互動交流,并 由專家點評。以期切實強化“金課”理念,提升教學設計能力,實現以能力 培養為目標的有效教學。* 注:研修班將匯總專家及各組學員的最終教學設計方案,編訂成合集,以電子版形式分享給全體學員。

跨文化外語教學與跨文化交際能力的培養:案例教學法

根據《大學英語教學指南》與英語專業《教學標準》中的要求,結合“跨文化大賽”選手的表現,探討跨文化視角下外語教學與大學生跨文化交際能力的培養。本期研修班特邀上海外國語大學張紅玲教授團隊、昆山杜克大學Don Snow教授、華東師范大學竇衛霖教授、華東理工大學顏靜蘭教授等專家學者,重點結合理論研究與教學實踐,采用案例分析與展示的方法,探討在高校外語課程中進行跨文化教育、設置跨文化模塊課程、跨文化課程的教學設計與執行能力、跨文化交際能力培養的途徑與方法等主題。

大學英語教師專業發展:教學設計能力與測評素養提升

基于對當前大學生英語學習現狀和新時期英語教學要求的分析,本期研修班將組織國內大學英語教學領域研究成果豐碩、實踐經驗豐富的資深專家,通過專題講座、教學示范、互動座談等多種研修形式,深入探究新形勢下大學英語教學改革的相關熱點問題,如“金課”建設、有效課堂教學設計與實施、教評測的有機結合、教師測評素養等,以期幫助大學英語教師把握改革動向,更新教學理念,掌握先進、有效的教學方法,優化大學英語核心課程的教學效果。

特色工具

系統產品

重點教材